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  物流英语  
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  1、In a broad sense, it is the output of the entire logistics effort; That is, customer service and some resulting level of satisfaction are what the logistics system ultimately provides the buyers.
     从广义上看,它是整个物流的产出;也就是说,客户服务及其满意程度应是物流系统最终为消费者提供的产品。
     2、Demand forecasting aims at the need for accurate information on future customer needs so that the logistics system can assure the right products and/or services are available to meet those requirements.
     需求预测致力于获得未来客户需求的准确信息,这样物流系统才能确保有合适的产品和服务满足客户需要。
     3、In addition,the move away from local sourcing in favor of global buying has complicated this entire process significantly in recent years.
     另外,近年来采购行为从利用当地资源扩展到全球采购大大增加了整个采购过程的复杂性。
     4、Most logistics systems are ill equipped to handle product movement in a reverse channel. In many industries consumers return products for warranty repair, replacement, or recycling.
     多数物流系统处理反向流动的货物时比较费力。在许多行业,顾客退货是为了要 求保修、更换或重新加工货物。
     5、Formerly, logistics was a fragmented and often uncoordinated set of activities spread throughout various organizational functions with each individual function having its budget and of priorities and measurements.
     以前物流活动是支离破碎的,一系列物流活动分布在各职能组织部门,无法实现合作,每个部门独立预算、各自为政。
     6、With the emergence of business process re-engineering(BRP) in the early 1990s, the relationship between logistics and related functions was redefined. BRP identifies a series of core processes that cut across traditional functional boundaries and are essentially customer-oriented. Effective management of these requires the development of new working relationships between function and the formation of more cross-functional teams.
     随着20世纪90年代早期经营过程再造的出现,物流与相关职能的关系被重新界定。经营过程再造破除了传统职能的界限,确立了许多面向顾客的核心业务。有效管理这些过程要求开发职能部门间新的工作关系并建立跨职能团队。
     7、There is a saying that “what gets measured, gets managed”, implying that it is through the choice of performance measurement that behavior is determined.
     有句谚语说“被衡量即被管理”,这意味着行为是通过业绩衡量指标的选择来确定的。
     8、Logistics system, by functions of transportation, storage and other associated activities, creates time and place utility for products.
     物流系统通过运输、仓储及其他相关活动的进行为产品创造了时间和空间效用。
     9、The primary goal is to provide third-party logistics providers to reduce the overall logistics costs and improve customer service levels.
     第三方物流提供者的首要目标是为供应商减低总物流成本,提高客户服务水平。
     10、Logistics is an important part of the process of transport or the flow of goods from origin to consumption.
     物流过程的一个重要组成部分是运输或货物从产地到消费地的流动。
     11、The savings realized on minimum cost procurement have not been worth the cost of customer dissatisfaction due to quality problem.
     采购的低成本带来的费用节省抵不上由于质量问题导致的顾客不满而带来的损失。
     12、The purpose or function of transportation is to serve as a connecting link between the separated units within a firm’s own organization (such as between plants and warehouses) and between units of the firm and units of other firms and individuals (such as supplies and customers).
     运输的功能是作为连接公司集团内各部门(如工厂和仓库)以及公司之间、公司和个人间(如供应商和客户)的纽带。
     13、The efficient transportation network has made possible the lowering of the level of safety stock with its resultant reduction in inventory carrying cost.
     有效的运输网络使降低安全库存水平,减少库存持有成本成为可能。
     14、Victory is the beautiful, bright colored flower. Transport is the stem without which it could never have blossomed.
     胜利是美丽多彩的鲜花,然而运输是枝干,没有它,就无法开花。
     15、A significant reason for such growth is that business dealings are shifting from transactional-based strategies to relationship based alliances such as partnerships.
     物流外包或第三方物流如此增长的重要原因是商务交易正从以交易为基础的战略转向诸如伙伴关系的关系基础联盟。
     16、A warehousing/distribution operation that runs at a higher rate of efficiency and cost-effectiveness almost without your involvement, freeing you to focus on strategic planning rather than tied down in day-to-day operation uncertainty.
     以高效率和有效成本经营的仓储/配送几乎不用你操心,可以使你集中精力作战略计划,而不是束缚于日常不确定操作中。
     17、A well-run supply chain compresses time, reduces expensive distribution processes as well as costly buffer inventories.
     一个经营良好的供应链能压缩时间、减少昂贵的配送及安全库存成本。
     18、Any business that refuses to consider outsourcing is at the risk of losing its competitive advantages or the opportunity to create a competitive advantage offered by third-party logistics providers.
     拒绝考虑外包的任何一个企业,都面临失去其竞争优势或失去由第三方物流提供商所提供的创造竞争优势的机会这样的风险。
     19、Miscommunications and service failures are leading to the deterioration of many business alliances and partnerships.
     缺乏沟通和服务失败正导致许多联盟及伙伴关系的变质。
     20、When selecting a 3PL provider there are key issues that must be addressed with respect to confidentiality, performance, subcontractors, reporting, mediation, arbitration & escape, and especially, rates.
     当选择一个第三方物流提供商时,应先提出关于保密件、表现、分包商、报告、调解、仲裁及逃脱,尤其是评估等关键问题。
     21、Also services guarantees and who will be monitoring the performance reliability of the provider are critical elements of any 3PL contract.
     服务保证及谁将会监控提供者的操作可信度对任何一个第三方物流合同也是关键因素。
     22、In their search for cost savings and increased services, companies are requesting new methods of operations and many are demanding 3PL providers perform more sophisticated operations than were initially outlined.
     公司寻求成本节约及服务质量的提高使他们需要操作的新方法,许多还要求第三方物流提供比原先规定的更精确的操作。
     23、Global logistics must accommodate operations in a variety of different national, political, and economic settings while also dealing with increased uncertainties associated with the distance, demand, diversity, and documentation of international commerce.
     全球物流必须适应在不同国家、政治和经济环境中运作,同时,还要处理国际商务中与距离、要求、多样化以及单证相联系的日益增加的不确定因素。
     24、From a logistics perspective, language differences dramatically increase complexity since a product is limited to a specific country once it is language-customized.
     从物流的角度来看,语言的差别极大地增加了物流复杂性,因为一旦一种产品被进行语言定制后,它就被限制在一个特定的国家。
     25、Benchmarking management control systems can identify processes where a firm lags behind competitors while external customer service audits may identify opportunities for selective, customer-focused programs.
     标杆管理控制系统可以识别一个公司落后于竞争对手的地方,同时外部的顾客服务监督体系可以确定选择性的、以顾客为中心的方案的各种机会。
     26、Customers perceive information about order status, product availability, delivery schedule, shipment tracking and invoices as necessary elements of total customer service.
     顾客将关于订单状况、产品的可获得性、送货的时间、运输路线和发票都看作是整体客户服务的要素。
     27、A manufacturer may market the product through company owned retail outlets and may also distribute through a network of separately owned distribution and retail outlets.
     制造商可能通过自己的零售店来销售产品,也可能通过由自主所有的经销商和零售店构成的网络来分销产品。
     28、Changing the location and the number of warehouses changes transportation costs in unanticipated and complex ways.
     改变仓库的位置和数目会以一种无法预料并且很复杂的方式改变运输成本。
     29、The growing variety of proposals from shipping and logistic companies is forcing their customers to take hard decisions on outsourcing the whole logistics process which is now becoming popular as 4PL(Fourth Party Logistics).
     来自运输和物流公司的越来越多的各种建议正在迫使他们的顾客对于外包整个的物流过程做出艰难决策,这种外包正在成为流行的第四方物流。
     30、E-business are ensuring that their package carries participate fully in the just-in-time (JIT) process to ensure minimum inventory levels.
     电子商务正在确保他们的承运人充分参与实时管理的过程,以确保最小的库存水平。
     31、Generally, SCM consists of a simplified supply chain network structure, the information and product flows, and the key supply chain business processes penetrating functional silos within the company and the various corporate silos across the supply chain.
     总的来说,供应链管理由简化的供应链网络、信息流、产品流及在企业内穿越功能模块和在整个供应链上穿越各种企业模块的核心供应链业务流程组成。
     32、The Internet, operating at Web speed, has become an economical way to conduct transactions and launched the potential of business-to-business (B2B) consumer direct E-distribution.
     以Web网络速度运行的Web网已经成为进行交易的经济手段并激发了企业间的电子商务,消费者主导的电子分拨的潜能。
     33、The frequent occurrence of service failures that characterized the past is increasingly being replaced by a growing managerial commitment to zero defect or what is commonly called six-sigma performance.
     过去经常发生的服务失败正日益被逐渐增长的管理上的零缺陷或所谓的六西格玛管理的努力所取代。
     34、Real-time Logistics Event Management: The need for accurate and timely management of information in order to maintain on-time deliveries, reduce inventory levels and ensure that right product is in the right place at the right time.
     实时物流事件管理:对精确的信息和及时管理的需求以便维持准时交货,降低库存水平和确保正确的货物按时按地出现。
     35、As the buyer processes the purchase order ,the PO information is sent by line item to a standards based hosted platform.
     随着买方处理订单,订单信息通过线路发送到标准的主机接口平台。
     36、The ability for logistics managers to gain visibility into the buyer’s purchase order and compare that data to the pre-shipment information from all suppliers through exception or event management is of significant value to this market. It takes a truly proactive approach to managing logistics. What comes out of this process is a significant improvement in the flow of goods to the customer.
     物流经理了解买方订单情况的能力以及把该数据与通过例外和事件管理(程序)从所有供应商处获得的预托运信息进行比较的能力,在这个市场中具有重要价值。需要采用真正的主动方法去管理物流。这一过程的结果是极大地改善了面向客户的物流。
     37、Following the renovation of maritime transport with the attendant advantages of large carrying capacity, speedier movement and fewer hands required, the saving achieved in both labor and time was apparent.
     随着海运革新所带来的运能的提高、运输的快速和人手需求的减少,在节约劳动力和时间上是显而易见的。 38、The lash system is another innovation which is closely related to containerization in the mechanized handling of water borne cargo.
     在水运货物机械化处理中,载驳货船是与集装箱化密切相关的另一创新。
     39、Such shipments are entrusted to the carriers as needed whereupon bills of lading covering the shipments are issued by the carriers against payment of freight according to tariff rates either in advance or on delivery of the shipments at destination.
     托运人根据需要把托运委托给承运人以领取有关该托运物的、由承运人签发的提单。提单必须在(托运人)已按费率表现规定预付运费或(承诺)抵达目的地付运费时才能取得。
     40、For goods of high unit value, shippers usually pay extra charges to the shipping line at the ad valorem rate on f.o.b. value, in addition to the freight charges, which is higher than that on a weight basis; while shipping by air, no extra charges at the ad valorem rate is collected by airline, unless there is a declared value of the cargo and valuation charge is paid for it, in order to protect against possible loss or damage.
     对于单位价值很高的货物,托运人通常除运费之外,还须额外支付按照FOB价格比例计费的费用。而这要比按重量计费的费用高。若系空运,通常不需要额外支付按价格比例计费的费用,除非为了免受丢失和损失,托运人已申报了货物的价值和支付了保值费用。
     41、A complex code system is adopted to facilitate identifying the applicable freight rate to a particular consignment of goods.
     人们采用一种复杂的编码系统来帮助识别某一特定托运货物的适用费率。
     42、Specific commodity rates are usually made in response to demands or applications of the shippers whose business involve regular transportation of the same specific commodities on a certain route, or based on the field research which shows the necessity of developing traffic between certain areas. 特殊商品的费率是根据托运人的要求或请求来制定的。该托运人的业务通常涉及同一特定商品在某条路线上定期运送。(特殊商品的费率)或是基于对在一定区域内开辟运输服务的必要性的实地调查研究而定。
     43、These systems must fulfill economic and social expectations whilst ensuring wider environmental, resource efficiency and safety objectives.
     铁路运输系统必须满足经济和社会的需求,同时还要达到保护环境、有效利用资源和安全的目的。
     44、The requirement now is for step-change improvements in high-speed product development, leading to significant improvements in pro
    duct life-cycle-costs, time-to-market, reliability, maintainability and safety of operation. 在高速列车的研发中,目前需要的是渐进式改良,以大幅降低使用周期的成本,缩短推向市场的时间,提高其可靠性、可维护性和操作的安全性。
     45、Enhanced fleet management and improved passenger and freight logistics will also have a significant impact on direct operating costs and quality of customer service, thus marking a crucial contribution towards the renewal of the railway.
     车队管理水平提高以及客流和物流组织的进一步合理化,也将对直接运营成本和客户服务质量产生重大影响,从而对铁路运输的复兴起到至关重要的作用。
     46、Estimating delivery times and maintaining schedules becomes difficult with resultant risks to meeting on-time delivery targets.
     由于达到及时运送的目标有一定的风险(运输途中会有很多突发事件),估计运输时间和确保准时是件很困难的事情。
     47、The first carrier, the last carrier and the actual carrier under whom the damage happened, may be held liable for damage, boss or delay of the goods.
     契约承运人、最后交货的承运人和造成货损的实际承运人可能要对货损、货差和迟延交付负责。
     48、One of the Convention’s main attributes is the liability regime imposed on the carrier.
     公路提单的主要特性之一是明确了承运人的责任范围。
     49、The proof that a damage, loss or delay of the goods took place while in transit will conclude the claimant’s burden of proof.
     只要证明货损、货差和迟延交付发生在运输途中,索赔人便完成了举证责任。
     50、Exceptionally, when damage is either caused by the claimant or by an inherent vice of the goods, the latter will be required to prove the carrier’s fault.
     例外情况是,如果货物损失由于索赔人的过失或是由于货物本身的缺陷所引起的,要求后者提供承运人过失的证明。
     51、Action is also limited by a one-year period with a possibility of extension to three years in the case of willful misconduct of the carrier.
     诉讼有效期也为1年,在承运人故意拖延的情况下可以延长至三年。
     基本概念术语
     1.物品 article 2. 物流 logistics 3. 物流活动 logistics activity 4. 物流作业 logistics operation 5. 物流模数 logistics modulus 6. 物流技术 logistics technology 7. 物流成本 logistics cost 8.物流管理 logistics management 9. 物流中心 logistics center 10. 物流网络 logistics network 11.物流信息 logistics information 12. 物流企业 logistics enterprise 13. 物流单证 logistics documents 14. 物流联盟 logistics alliance 15. 供应物流 supply logistics 16. 生产物流 production logistics 17. 销售物流 distribution logistics 18. 回收物流 returned logistics 19. 废弃物物流 waste material logistics 20. 绿色物流 environmental logistics 21. 企业物流 internal logistics 22. 社会物流 external logistics 23. 军事物流 military logistics 24. 国际物流 international logistics 25. 第三方物流 third-part logistics (TPL) 26. 定制物流 customized logistics 27. 虚拟物流 virtual logistics 28. 增值物流服务 value-added logistics service 29. 供应链 supply chain 30. 条码 bar code 31. 电子数据交换 electronic data interchange (EDI) 32. 有形消耗 tangible loss 33.无形消耗 intangible loss
     物流作业术语
     1. 运输 transportation 2. 联合运输 combined transport 3. 直达运输 through transport 4. 中转运输 transfer transport 5. 甩挂运输 drop and pull transport 6. 集装运输 containerized transport 7. 集装箱运输 container transport 8. 门到门 door-to-door 9. 整箱货 full container load (FCL) 10. 拼箱货 less than container load (LCL 11. 储存 storing 12. 保管 storage 13. 物品储存 article reserves 14. 库存 inventory 15. 经常库存 cycle stock 16. 安全库存 safety stick 17. 库存周期 inventory cycle time 18. 前置期(或提前期) lead time 19. 订货处理周期 order cycle time 20. 货垛 goods stack 21. 堆码 stacking 22. 搬运 handing/carrying 23. 装卸 loading and unloading 24. 单元装卸 unit loading and unloading 25. 包装 package/packaging 26. 销售包装 sales package 27. 定牌包装 packing of nominated brand 28. 中性包装 neutral packing 29. 运输包装 transport package 30. 托盘包装 palletizing 31. 集装化 containerization 32. 散装化 containerization 33. 直接换装 cross docking 34. 配送 distribution 35. 共同配送 joint distribution 36. 配送中心 distribution center 37. 分拣 sorting 38. 拣选 order picking 39. 集货 goods collection 40. 组配 assembly 41. 流通加工 distribution processing 42. 冷链 cold chain 43. 检验 inspection
     物流技术装备及设施术语
     1. 仓库 warehouse 2. 库房 storehouse 3. 自动化仓库 automatic warehouse 4. 4立体仓库 stereoscopic warehouse 5. 虚拟仓库 virtual warehouse 6. 保税仓库 boned warehouse 7. 出口监管仓库 export supervised warehouse 8. 海关监管货物 cargo under customer’s supervision 9. 冷藏区 chill space 10. 冷冻区 freeze space 11. 控湿储存区 humidity controlled space 12.温度可控区 temperature controlled space 13. 收货区 receiving space 14. 发货区 shipping space 15. 料棚 goods shed 16. 货场 goods yard 17. 货架 goods shelf 18. 托盘 pallet 19. 叉车 fork lift truck 20. 输送机 conveyor 21. 自动导引车 automatic guided vehicle (AGV) 22. 箱式车 box car 23. 集装箱 container 24. 换算箱 twenty-feet equivalent unit (TEU) 25. 特种货物集装箱 specific cargo container 26. 全集装箱船 full container ship 27. 铁路集装箱场 railway container yard 28. 公路集装箱中转站 inland container depot 29. 集装箱货运站 container freight station (CFS) 30. 集装箱码头 container terminal 31. 国际铁路联运 international through railway transport 32. 国际多式联运 international multimodal transport 33. 大陆桥运输 land bridge transport 34.班轮运输 liner transport 35. 租船运输 shipping by chartering 36. 船务代理 shipping agency 37.国际货运代理 international freight forwarding agent 38. 理货 tally 39. 国际货物运输保险 international transportation cargo insurance 40. 报关 customs declaration 41. 报关行 customs broker 42. 进出口商品检验 commodity inspection
     物流管理术语
     1.物流战略 logistics strategy 2.物流战略管理 logistics strategy management 3.仓库管理 warehouse management 4.仓库布局 warehouse layout 5.库存控制 inventory control 6.经济订货批量 economic order quantity (EOQ) 7.定量订货方式 fixed-quantity system (FQS) 8.定期订货方式 fixed-quantity system (FIS) 9.ABC分类管理 ABC classification 10.电子订货系统 Electronic order system (EOS) 11.准时制 just in time (JIT) 12.准时制物流 just-in-time logistics 13.零库存技术 zero-inventory logistics 14.物流成本管理 logistics cost control 15.物料需要计划 material requirements planning (MRP) 16.制造资源计划 manufacturing resource planning (MRP II) 17.配送需要计划 distribution requirements planning (DRP) 18.配送资源计划 distribution resource planning (DRP II) 19.物流资源计划 logistics resource planning (LRP) 20.企业资源计划 enterprise resource planning (ERP) 21.供应链管理 supply chain management (SCM) 22.快速反映 Quick response (QR) 23.有效客户反映 efficient customer response(ECR) 24.连续库存补充计划 continuous replenishment program (CRP) 25.计算机辅助订货系统 computer assisted ordering (CAO) 26.供应商管理库存 vendor managed inventory (VMI) 27.业务外包 outsourcin (返回顶端)