||1、In a broad sense, it is the output of the entire logistics effort; That is, customer service and some resulting level of satisfaction are what the logistics system ultimately provides the buyers.
2、Demand forecasting aims at the need for accurate information on future customer needs so that the logistics system can assure the right products and／or services are available to meet those requirements．
3、In addition，the move away from local sourcing in favor of global buying has complicated this entire process significantly in recent years.
4、Most logistics systems are ill equipped to handle product movement in a reverse channel. In many industries consumers return products for warranty repair, replacement, or recycling.
5、Formerly, logistics was a fragmented and often uncoordinated set of activities spread throughout various organizational functions with each individual function having its budget and of priorities and measurements.
6、With the emergence of business process re-engineering(BRP) in the early 1990s, the relationship between logistics and related functions was redefined. BRP identifies a series of core processes that cut across traditional functional boundaries and are essentially customer-oriented. Effective management of these requires the development of new working relationships between function and the formation of more cross-functional teams.
7、There is a saying that “what gets measured, gets managed”, implying that it is through the choice of performance measurement that behavior is determined.
8、Logistics system, by functions of transportation, storage and other associated activities, creates time and place utility for products.
9、The primary goal is to provide third-party logistics providers to reduce the overall logistics costs and improve customer service levels.
10、Logistics is an important part of the process of transport or the flow of goods from origin to consumption.
11、The savings realized on minimum cost procurement have not been worth the cost of customer dissatisfaction due to quality problem.
12、The purpose or function of transportation is to serve as a connecting link between the separated units within a firm’s own organization (such as between plants and warehouses) and between units of the firm and units of other firms and individuals (such as supplies and customers).
13、The efficient transportation network has made possible the lowering of the level of safety stock with its resultant reduction in inventory carrying cost.
14、Victory is the beautiful, bright colored flower. Transport is the stem without which it could never have blossomed.
15、A significant reason for such growth is that business dealings are shifting from transactional-based strategies to relationship based alliances such as partnerships.
16、A warehousing/distribution operation that runs at a higher rate of efficiency and cost-effectiveness almost without your involvement, freeing you to focus on strategic planning rather than tied down in day-to-day operation uncertainty.
17、A well-run supply chain compresses time, reduces expensive distribution processes as well as costly buffer inventories.
18、Any business that refuses to consider outsourcing is at the risk of losing its competitive advantages or the opportunity to create a competitive advantage offered by third-party logistics providers.
19、Miscommunications and service failures are leading to the deterioration of many business alliances and partnerships.
20、When selecting a 3PL provider there are key issues that must be addressed with respect to confidentiality, performance, subcontractors, reporting, mediation, arbitration & escape, and especially, rates.
21、Also services guarantees and who will be monitoring the performance reliability of the provider are critical elements of any 3PL contract.
22、In their search for cost savings and increased services, companies are requesting new methods of operations and many are demanding 3PL providers perform more sophisticated operations than were initially outlined.
23、Global logistics must accommodate operations in a variety of different national, political, and economic settings while also dealing with increased uncertainties associated with the distance, demand, diversity, and documentation of international commerce.
24、From a logistics perspective, language differences dramatically increase complexity since a product is limited to a specific country once it is language-customized.
25、Benchmarking management control systems can identify processes where a firm lags behind competitors while external customer service audits may identify opportunities for selective, customer-focused programs.
26、Customers perceive information about order status, product availability, delivery schedule, shipment tracking and invoices as necessary elements of total customer service.
27、A manufacturer may market the product through company owned retail outlets and may also distribute through a network of separately owned distribution and retail outlets.
28、Changing the location and the number of warehouses changes transportation costs in unanticipated and complex ways.
29、The growing variety of proposals from shipping and logistic companies is forcing their customers to take hard decisions on outsourcing the whole logistics process which is now becoming popular as 4PL(Fourth Party Logistics).
30、E-business are ensuring that their package carries participate fully in the just-in-time (JIT) process to ensure minimum inventory levels.
31、Generally, SCM consists of a simplified supply chain network structure, the information and product flows, and the key supply chain business processes penetrating functional silos within the company and the various corporate silos across the supply chain.
32、The Internet, operating at Web speed, has become an economical way to conduct transactions and launched the potential of business-to-business (B2B) consumer direct E-distribution.
33、The frequent occurrence of service failures that characterized the past is increasingly being replaced by a growing managerial commitment to zero defect or what is commonly called six-sigma performance.
34、Real-time Logistics Event Management: The need for accurate and timely management of information in order to maintain on-time deliveries, reduce inventory levels and ensure that right product is in the right place at the right time.
35、As the buyer processes the purchase order ,the PO information is sent by line item to a standards based hosted platform.
36、The ability for logistics managers to gain visibility into the buyer’s purchase order and compare that data to the pre-shipment information from all suppliers through exception or event management is of significant value to this market. It takes a truly proactive approach to managing logistics. What comes out of this process is a significant improvement in the flow of goods to the customer.
37、Following the renovation of maritime transport with the attendant advantages of large carrying capacity, speedier movement and fewer hands required, the saving achieved in both labor and time was apparent.
38、The lash system is another innovation which is closely related to containerization in the mechanized handling of water borne cargo.
39、Such shipments are entrusted to the carriers as needed whereupon bills of lading covering the shipments are issued by the carriers against payment of freight according to tariff rates either in advance or on delivery of the shipments at destination.
40、For goods of high unit value, shippers usually pay extra charges to the shipping line at the ad valorem rate on f.o.b. value, in addition to the freight charges, which is higher than that on a weight basis; while shipping by air, no extra charges at the ad valorem rate is collected by airline, unless there is a declared value of the cargo and valuation charge is paid for it, in order to protect against possible loss or damage.
41、A complex code system is adopted to facilitate identifying the applicable freight rate to a particular consignment of goods.
42、Specific commodity rates are usually made in response to demands or applications of the shippers whose business involve regular transportation of the same specific commodities on a certain route, or based on the field research which shows the necessity of developing traffic between certain areas.
43、These systems must fulfill economic and social expectations whilst ensuring wider environmental, resource efficiency and safety objectives.
44、The requirement now is for step-change improvements in high-speed product development, leading to significant improvements in pro
duct life-cycle-costs, time-to-market, reliability, maintainability and safety of operation.
45、Enhanced fleet management and improved passenger and freight logistics will also have a significant impact on direct operating costs and quality of customer service, thus marking a crucial contribution towards the renewal of the railway.
46、Estimating delivery times and maintaining schedules becomes difficult with resultant risks to meeting on-time delivery targets.
47、The first carrier, the last carrier and the actual carrier under whom the damage happened, may be held liable for damage, boss or delay of the goods.
48、One of the Convention’s main attributes is the liability regime imposed on the carrier.
49、The proof that a damage, loss or delay of the goods took place while in transit will conclude the claimant’s burden of proof.
50、Exceptionally, when damage is either caused by the claimant or by an inherent vice of the goods, the latter will be required to prove the carrier’s fault.
51、Action is also limited by a one-year period with a possibility of extension to three years in the case of willful misconduct of the carrier.
1．物品 article 2． 物流 logistics 3． 物流活动 logistics activity 4． 物流作业 logistics operation 5． 物流模数 logistics modulus 6． 物流技术 logistics technology 7． 物流成本 logistics cost 8．物流管理 logistics management 9． 物流中心 logistics center 10． 物流网络 logistics network 11．物流信息 logistics information 12． 物流企业 logistics enterprise 13． 物流单证 logistics documents 14． 物流联盟 logistics alliance 15． 供应物流 supply logistics 16． 生产物流 production logistics 17． 销售物流 distribution logistics 18． 回收物流 returned logistics 19． 废弃物物流 waste material logistics 20． 绿色物流 environmental logistics 21． 企业物流 internal logistics 22． 社会物流 external logistics 23． 军事物流 military logistics 24． 国际物流 international logistics 25． 第三方物流 third-part logistics (TPL) 26． 定制物流 customized logistics 27． 虚拟物流 virtual logistics 28． 增值物流服务 value-added logistics service 29． 供应链 supply chain 30． 条码 bar code 31． 电子数据交换 electronic data interchange (EDI) 32． 有形消耗 tangible loss 33．无形消耗 intangible loss
1． 运输 transportation 2． 联合运输 combined transport 3． 直达运输 through transport 4． 中转运输 transfer transport 5． 甩挂运输 drop and pull transport 6． 集装运输 containerized transport 7． 集装箱运输 container transport 8． 门到门 door-to-door 9． 整箱货 full container load (FCL) 10． 拼箱货 less than container load (LCL 11． 储存 storing 12． 保管 storage 13． 物品储存 article reserves 14． 库存 inventory 15． 经常库存 cycle stock 16． 安全库存 safety stick 17． 库存周期 inventory cycle time 18． 前置期（或提前期） lead time 19． 订货处理周期 order cycle time 20． 货垛 goods stack 21． 堆码 stacking 22． 搬运 handing/carrying 23． 装卸 loading and unloading 24． 单元装卸 unit loading and unloading 25． 包装 package/packaging 26． 销售包装 sales package 27． 定牌包装 packing of nominated brand 28． 中性包装 neutral packing 29． 运输包装 transport package 30． 托盘包装 palletizing 31． 集装化 containerization 32． 散装化 containerization 33． 直接换装 cross docking 34． 配送 distribution 35． 共同配送 joint distribution 36． 配送中心 distribution center 37． 分拣 sorting 38． 拣选 order picking 39． 集货 goods collection 40． 组配 assembly 41． 流通加工 distribution processing 42． 冷链 cold chain 43． 检验 inspection
1． 仓库 warehouse 2． 库房 storehouse 3． 自动化仓库 automatic warehouse 4． 4立体仓库 stereoscopic warehouse 5． 虚拟仓库 virtual warehouse 6． 保税仓库 boned warehouse 7． 出口监管仓库 export supervised warehouse 8． 海关监管货物 cargo under customer’s supervision 9． 冷藏区 chill space 10． 冷冻区 freeze space 11． 控湿储存区 humidity controlled space 12．温度可控区 temperature controlled space 13． 收货区 receiving space 14． 发货区 shipping space 15． 料棚 goods shed 16． 货场 goods yard 17． 货架 goods shelf 18． 托盘 pallet 19． 叉车 fork lift truck 20． 输送机 conveyor 21． 自动导引车 automatic guided vehicle (AGV) 22． 箱式车 box car 23． 集装箱 container 24． 换算箱 twenty-feet equivalent unit (TEU) 25． 特种货物集装箱 specific cargo container 26． 全集装箱船 full container ship 27． 铁路集装箱场 railway container yard 28． 公路集装箱中转站 inland container depot 29． 集装箱货运站 container freight station (CFS) 30． 集装箱码头 container terminal 31． 国际铁路联运 international through railway transport 32． 国际多式联运 international multimodal transport 33． 大陆桥运输 land bridge transport 34．班轮运输 liner transport 35． 租船运输 shipping by chartering 36． 船务代理 shipping agency 37．国际货运代理 international freight forwarding agent 38． 理货 tally 39． 国际货物运输保险 international transportation cargo insurance 40． 报关 customs declaration 41． 报关行 customs broker 42． 进出口商品检验 commodity inspection
1．物流战略 logistics strategy 2．物流战略管理 logistics strategy management 3．仓库管理 warehouse management 4．仓库布局 warehouse layout 5．库存控制 inventory control 6．经济订货批量 economic order quantity (EOQ) 7．定量订货方式 fixed-quantity system (FQS) 8．定期订货方式 fixed-quantity system (FIS) 9．ABC分类管理 ABC classification 10．电子订货系统 Electronic order system (EOS) 11．准时制 just in time (JIT) 12．准时制物流 just-in-time logistics 13．零库存技术 zero-inventory logistics 14．物流成本管理 logistics cost control 15．物料需要计划 material requirements planning (MRP) 16．制造资源计划 manufacturing resource planning (MRP II) 17．配送需要计划 distribution requirements planning (DRP) 18．配送资源计划 distribution resource planning (DRP II) 19．物流资源计划 logistics resource planning (LRP) 20．企业资源计划 enterprise resource planning (ERP) 21．供应链管理 supply chain management (SCM) 22．快速反映 Quick response (QR) 23．有效客户反映 efficient customer response(ECR) 24．连续库存补充计划 continuous replenishment program (CRP) 25．计算机辅助订货系统 computer assisted ordering (CAO) 26．供应商管理库存 vendor managed inventory (VMI) 27．业务外包 outsourcin